Antihistamines Are The Best Treatment for Seasonal Allergies

Histamine is an organic nitrogen-rich compound. It is involved in the inflammatory role of the body when reacting to allergies. In case of an allergic reaction in our body, this compound is released. It binds to the receptors of certain cells in the body and produces allergy symptoms. Antihistamines are drugs that help deal with inflammations caused by histamine. They are often used alongside other medicines to treat allergies.

Working of Antihistamines:

When an allergic person comes in contact of an object he or she is allergic to, several allergic reactions may take place that can lead to swollen tissues in the nose, itchy mouth, runny eyes etc. On coming in contact with the allergic object, our bodies release histamines that bind to cell receptors and cause various allergic reactions. Antihistamines work by reducing the effect of histamines on certain cell receptors. It is usually chosen over other drugs that help deal with allergies because of its inexpensive nature and the occurrence of comparatively less and safer side effects. This medicine can help fight several allergic symptoms but cannot provide relief against all the symptoms. Antihistamines are often administered along with other medicines, like decongestants in case of nose congestion.

Popular Allergic Symptoms:

       A Runny Nose
       Nasal Swelling
       Skin Rashes
       Itchy and watery eyes

How to administer antihistamines to treat allergies:

Antihistamines can be administered as per the need of the allergic person. Due to its safe nature and minimum side effects, one can use the medicine easily. The usage can be:

       Daily: When the occurrence of allergies happens over a period of time, it is only wise to use the medicine daily. This helps to keep the allergies at bay until the allergic substance is dealt with.
       Before contact: When a person possesses the knowledge of their allergy and plan on coming in contact with the same, it is wise to first use the medicine and then proceed with the contact.
       During the allergy: If the allergies are not recurring or maybe seasonal, then the medicines should be administered only when the affected person develops the symptoms of allergy.

Antihistamines to treat allergies:

       Benadryl: Benadryl contains diphenhydramine as its most active ingredient.  Benadryl is known to relieve and even totally treat a runny nose, itching in the throat or nose, watery eyes and nose, and sneezing. These symptoms may originate in the upper part of the respiratory system or due to a common cold or due to hay fever. It can also be used to treat hives. It helps in bringing down the itchy feeling and redness of the allergies. Hence, Benadryl can be used as an antihistamine to treat allergies effectively. They come in various forms. They can be in the form of tablets- chewable, non- chewable and dissolving kinds. They come in capsules and liquid filled capsules. They are also available in the liquid form as syrup. They can also be transformed into creams, gels, and sprays to treat skin allergies and help reduce redness
       Zyrtec: Cetrizine is the main constituent that makes up Zyrtec. Zyrtec is a second generation antihistamine. It helps in dealing with a runny nose, watery eyes, hay fever and other allergies that originate in our respiratory system. Zyrtec can also be effectively employed to deal with the redness and itchiness due to hives. Zyrtec comes in the form of tablets, tablets that dissolve easily in the mouth, syrup, chewable tablet and liquid-filled capsules. This medicine may exhibit side effects along the lines of a headache, stomach ache and drowsiness.
       Claritin: Claritin contains Loratadine as its primary active ingredient. It helps in dealing with a runny nose, sneezing, watery eyes, itchy nose and throat due to hay fever and other upper respiratory allergic reactions. It comes in the form of tablets, syrup, tablets that get easily dissolved in our mouth and capsules. Although effective, Claritin has its fair share of side effects. A headache and drowsiness are two of the most common side effects. There may be trouble swallowing or breathing and even rashes in some serious cases.
       Allegra: Fexofenadine is the main active ingredient that is used in making Allegra. It effectively treats watery eyes, runny nose, throat and nose itching, and other upper respiratory allergies. It is also used to treat skin rashes and hives. It is available in the form of tablets, gel-coated capsule, tablets that dissolve in the mouth and liquid. Some of its side effects include headaches, vomiting, diarrhea, dizziness, pain in arm and legs, pain during menstrual periods, cough and stomach upsets.

Although antihistamines are relatively safe, they have their side effects too. Hence, it is always wise to take these medicines in consultation with a physician. There are side effects that one may and may not be able to endure. A physician can account for all these risks and prescribe the best-suited medicine for treating allergies.

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